Bucovina is situated in the North-East part of Romania, a country with hills and valleys.
Bucovina is the craddle of an ancient civilisation where history mixes with the legends. The region is famous for its monasteries with exterior painted frescoes and monasteries like Voronet, Arbore, Humor, Moldovita, Sucevita, Putna and Dradomirna have been included in the Unesco patrimony.
These architectural masterpieces lay in an exceptionally natural location among rivers and valleys Suceava and Moldova.
The forests from Slatioara are among the most beautiful and well preserved from Europe; they are shelter for wolves, bears and lynx.
The architecture of the houses are original and unique; authentic wooden embroidery garnishes the gates and the windows.
The decoration motifs are floral and geometrical.
A myriad of images and legends, castles, palate and monasteries arrive jusqu' at our days as an open book. Those defied time but they remain the testimony of last and the history of a country.
"Bucovina, as Mihai Eminescu stated, is the oldest part and most beautiful of our country, the paradise of Moldavia", because " over there the holy city of Suceava is, the throne of an old reign… over there, the usual throne of an metropolitan which, on the level of independence, was equal with the patriarchs; over there are the relics of the famous Romanian reigning princes, over there sleeps its last sleep Dragos, Alexander, the founder of laws and Etienne, the rampart of defense of the Christianity." Bucovina is "Holy Land, whose defense cost us torrents of blood, centuries of work, all the holiest vibrations of our hearts."
The Monasteries of Bucovina
Bucovina shelters many orthodoxe monasteries of which some are classified as "global inheritance" by UNESCO. The external frescos, unique in the whole world, are already famous.
The Monastery was rested by Etienne the Large one in 1469. It does not comprise external frescos and shelters a community of popes. Its principal specificity is d' to accomodate the tomb of its creator, Etienne the Large one. To not missing fall to it d' Eminescu, l' one of the largest poets of Romania just like l' Hermitage of Danii Sihastru. To proximity, stroll near the cemetery to see the oldest church of wood in Europe dating from the 14th Century.
The Monastery was built between 1582 and 1584. The initiative of this foundation belongs to Gheorghe Movila, bishop of Radauti at that time. The architectural complex is of an extraordinary beauty and is one of more strengthened area. Sister Tatiana will show you the interior frescos as well as the external ones. The scale of virtues of Jean Climax is a wonder!
Surrounded by hills, soft and very wooded slopes, located at 12 kms of the old capital of Moldavia (Suceava), raises the Monastery of Dragomirna. The history of the Monastery starts in 1602 with the construction of the small church of the cemetery and it continues by the dedication in 1609 of the large church. Especially ask to visit the museum which is often closed, you will not be disappointed!
Moldovita Monastery, that one can we see today dates back to 1532 and is due to ruling prince Petru Rares (1532-1546). It has, like Sucevita, the aspect of a fortress, with imposing towers and high, thick walls (6 m high, 1.2 m wide). According to the architectural tradition set by Stephen the Great, the church has a three-cusped plan, as well as an open porch. The masters who painted its interior and exterior walls have decorated them with scenes from 16th century Moldavian daily life.
Voronet is one of the most beautiful orthodoxe churches from Europe. Voronet is considered by many to be the Sistine Chapel of the East, due to the magnificient frescoes on the West wall, a representation of the Last Judgement. In addition, Voronet Blue has been added to the lexicon of art alongside colours such as the Titan Ted of Rubens and VeroneseGreen, by specialists who consider it unique. On this blue background can be found the Tree of Jesse, or the genealogy of Redeemer Jesus Christ.
Humor Monastery was among the first churches to be painted. Its frescoes are due to Toma of Suceava and were performed in 1535. If at Voronet blue is predominant, Humor is mainly painted in reddish brown (from oriental madder pigment), completed nevertheless by rich blues and greens. The Last Judgement, placed on the wall beneath the unusual open porch, is similar to the Voronet one, but, unfortunately, the Tree of Jesse has been effaced by erosion. Another famous exterior painting, Hymn to the Virgin, has been inspired by the poem written by Patriarch Serghei of Constantinople, and dedicated to the Virgin Mary, who is reputed to have saved the city during the attack of the Persians in 626.
The painting of eggs
Tonic at several centuries, the tradition of painting on egg is still quite long-lived in Romania. Made starting from eggs’ shells, the eggs are true artistic works. The techniques of realization rests on the technique of the batik or the relief. The colors red, yellow and black are mainly employed. A painted egg by hand takes several hours.