Danube Delta - the place where the Danube loses its name…
Registered within the World heritage of UNESCO since 1991, being the twenty-third delta of the world by its surface, the Danube Delta is a natural reserve without equivalent. A place with hard climate which leads to the Black Sea… The water of the Danube is thrown into the Black Sea while forming vastest and best preserved European deltas. Its immeasurable lakes shelter more than 300 species of birds and around 45 fish species of fresh water. The Danube Delta shelters the largest colony of common pelicans from Europe: Rosca Buhaiova, accomodates 4.500 of them. There also exists a group of 400 curly pelicans, extremely rare and which are the last from the continent. From Tulcea, surnamed the threshold of the delta, the roads are done increasingly chaotic, and it quickly arises the need of a more suitable transport mean: the boat.
A simple boat makes it possible to penetrate the heart of the delta, in a place where time seems suddenly suspended. The small community of inhabitants from these places live in perfect harmony with the ecosystem, having many resources like: fishing, breeding and the harvest of the reeds. One discovers here herds of horses in complete freedom. However, in order to benefit fully from the place, a licence delivered by the reserve of the biosphere is necessary to reach the protected areas. After infinite meanders in the narrow canals from the delta, the river finally condescends to join the sea. It reveals a wild shore then, where the solitary and quiet beaches that are slowly going down towards the Black Sea. Incontestably, the Danube Delta is one of the most invaluable jewels of nature from Europe. If you make a stop in a village, you will discover the fishermen preparing the local alternative of Russian sour soup, above a fire in the open air.
The Danube Delta shelters more than 1.200 varieties of plants, 300 species of birds and 45 fish species of fresh water in its many lakes and marshes. In 1992, following the efforts of the Romanian and Ukrainians biologists and with the media encouragments of French explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau, the place was registered on the list of the world heritage of l' UNESCO.
2.733 km ² of the Delta are thus classified protected spaces, but the Romanian scientists and Ukrianiens have difficulties in collaborate as they wish it, because of the geopolitical stakes, especially since the Romanian-Ukrainian border became, in 2007, Eastern border of European Union.
The mouths of the Danube accomodate during the migrations, million birds of various places of the earth (Europe, Asia, Africa, the Mediterranean) from which some come to nest there, and the area is extremely full of fish.